Complications of Diabetes

Complications of Diabetes

Following are list of complications that we deal at RAYS:


  • Having Diabetes can damage your sight.
  • There is a lot you can do to cut down the chance of damaging your sight.
  • There is also a lot that can be done to halt existing damage.
  • Diabetes eye damage must be picked up early for it to be successfully stopped or treated.
  • It is very important that your Doctor refers you to your local Diabetes Services Retinal Screening Programme as soon as you are diagnosed.

The two main parts of your eyes that diabetes can affect are called the ‘lens’ and the ‘retina’. Damage to your ‘retina’ is usually more serious (and also often more common in those with diabetes)


Diabetes can damage the small blood vessels in your body. This is particularly so if your blood glucose levels or blood pressure remain high for long periods of time.

We have following are treatments that are available with RAYS for Kidneys effected by Diabetes.

  • Haemodialysis
  • Peritoneal dialysis
  • Kidney or kidney/pancreas transplant


Two of the common complications of diabetes that cause foot problems are:

  • Damage to nerves (neuropathy)
  • Damage to blood vessels (vascular disease)

At Rays we treat common Foot problems that are associated with Diabetes:

  • Corns and calluses: Are caused by repeated pressure or rubbing on the same area of the foot.
  • Foot ulcers: Problems that often cause over the ball of the foot or on the bottom of the big toe. Ulcers on the sides of the foot are sometimes due to poorly fitting shoes.
  • Toenail problems: Problem nails can be caused by injury, fungal infection, curved nails and badly fitting shoes.
  • Cracked skin or fissuring: Neuropathy, excessive weight and poor footwear can lead to cracking of the skin.

4.Men’s Sexual Health:

Main causes are:

  • Physical impotence
  • Psychological impotence

Men with Type 1 diabetes are more likely to experience impotence at an earlier age (this is because they have usually had diabetes for a longer period of time). Men who have Type 2 diabetes (which usually develops in adulthood) may not experience the problem until later in life. If your diabetes is out of control, this can lead to temporary impotence.

5.Women’s Sexual Health:

Problems we treat

  • Vaginitis
  • Vaginal infections
  • Contraception

6.Skin Conditions

  • Necrobiosis Lipoidica Diabeticorum (NLD)
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Blisters of diabetes
  • Digital Sclerosis
  • Disseminated Granuloma Annulare
  • Acanthosis Nigricans

7.Gum, Mouth & Teeth Problems:

Infections can make your blood glucose hard to control. Our dentist and diabetologist will prepare you for any adjustments you might need to make. At Rays we will treat all Oral Infections like:

  • Fungal infections
  • Poor healing
  • Dry mouth

8.Nerve Damage (Neuropathy):

You may consult us whenever you are experiencing any of these symptoms including prickling, tingling, burning, aching, or sharp jabs of needle-like pain. These are signs of the increased nerve activity that occurs in damaged or healing nerves.

9.Heart & Blood Vessel Problems:

Following signs should never be ignored and doctor consultation is must:

  • Shortness of breath.
  • Unexpected nausea
  • Consistently high blood glucose levels that don’t seem to have an explainable reason
  • Swelling of the ankles

10.Diabetes and hypothyroidism

The start of hyperthyroidism in a person with diabetes means that their blood glucose levels may rise slightly. If the condition remains untreated and becomes more severe, diabetes management can be much harder. Weight loss may occur, too many ketones (which are the end result of fat breakdown) may begin circulating in the blood, and more insulin or medication will be required to lower blood glucose levels. Once hyperthyroidism is successfully treated, however, diabetes management is improved.

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